Loss of bone mass which exceeds the fracture threshold is called “osteoporosis”. The fragility of the bone increases in osteoporosis.
Who may have the osteoporosis?
While osteoporosis affects both genders at any age in the adults, it is mostly observed in the women who are past menopause.
What are the symptoms?
There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss. But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you might have signs and symptoms that include:
Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra
Loss of height over time
A stooped posture
A bone that breaks much more easily than expected
Most striking complication and symptom of the osteoporosis is the fracture. Symptoms apart from the fractures are quite weak. Bone pains may be present occasionally. Pain related to other rheumatic disorders may be mistakenly diagnosed as osteoporosis, and treatment may be applied for osteoporosis.
How is it diagnosed?
Bone density measurement and other tests help the diagnosis with the guidance of a physician.
Is treatment possible?
Yes, it is. Osteoporosis is a preventable and treatable disease. It is treated with the long-time use of medications and annual follow-ups. Physical therapy can be applied if accompanied by pain. Weight-bearing exercises on the bones such as walking should be done.
How can you prevent or get rid of osteoporosis?
Patients should do exercises and take calcium-rich food. One-hour walking a day is adequate for adults. The consumption of calcium-rich food such as milk, yogurt and cheese is of importance before and after the menopause. Consumption of milk and dairy products during the childhood plays an important role in the prevention of osteoporosis.
Do bones lose and disappear in the people with osteoporosis?
No. Bone loss is not the exact equivalent of osteoporosis. Bones do not dissolve and disappear in osteoporosis. The fracture risk increases. This risk can be reduced with exercises, milk and dairy products, and medications.