Physical therapy is the use of physical tools for treatment purposes. From the beginning, physical tools have been used for the patients by physical therapy and rehabilitation (PTR) physicians. PTR physicians are named as “physiatrist” in short.
Physical therapy tools
Physical therapy tools and techniques are generally administered from outside the body and without using medications. Therefore, they don’t have any side effects or little if any. Primary physical therapy and rehabilitation methods are hot and cold application, pain killer and muscle strengthener electric currents, laser, traction, massage, manipulation, exercises, occupational therapy, hydrotherapy, and ESWT (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy). In order to assist diagnosis, electrophysiological diagnosis methods such as EMG are used.
Physical therapy sessions
Physical therapy and rehabilitation sessions are made one or two times a day in general. Although duration of the sessions varies based on diseases and techniques applied, it is generally between 30 and 60 minutes. Total therapy duration is usually 15-30 sessions.
Physical therapy application areas
PTR techniques have a wide variety of application areas. Primary application areas are:
- Neck and arm pains
- Shoulder, elbow, hand, back, low back, leg, hip, knee and foot pains
- Soft tissue rheumatism (fibromyalgia syndrome, myofascial pain)
- Frozen shoulder – Adhesive capsulitis
- Heel Spurs (Plantar Fasciitis)
- Facial paralysis – Bell’s palsy
- Paralysis (tetraplegia, paraplegia)
- Stroke (hemiplegia)
- Limitation of range of motion (due to accident and after surgery)
- Cerebral palsy (CP)
- Muscular disorders (myopathy)
- Neurological disorders (neuropathies)
- Parkinson’s disease
- MS (multiple sclerosis)
- Cardiovascular diseases